Grammar

From Sidosi Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Words

For information on various parts of speech, accentuation, and how words may change in other ways, make sure to read the Parts of Speech page.

Tense and mood

There are four primary tenses, two primary moods and two primary participles. These can be combined with auxiliary verbs to create compound tenses and moods.

Primary tenses

The first primary tense is the infinitive, and is rarely used in any official capacity. No tense particle or auxiliary verb is placed before the verb.

  • Example: <eg>

This can be made into the past infinitive by adding the auxiliary verb "famisol" before the main verb.

  • Example: <eg>

The other three primary tenses:

Particle Tense Example
Dodo Imperfect past Example
Rere Definite past, past historic, simple past or preterite Example
Mimi Future Example

Compound tenses

All particles that modify the tense or mood of a verb appears immediately before the verb aside from the subjunctive modifier, which appears before the subject of the verb as well.

Primary moods

Compound moods

Primary participles

Compound participle

Word order

In general, most sentences follow a typical Subject - Verb - Object (SVO). Adjectives always follow the nouns they modify, which can be used to avoid using accents in casual conversation.

Influence on accentuation

Within historical examples of written Solresol, it is known that certain things are left out of sentences, such as the nominative and accusative marker "la". However, in some specific situations, more can be left out when the context is able to keep the meaning of a sentence clear and concise.

Adjectives

It is quite common when writing Solresol, [T&P] that when an adjective follows a noun, especially if the noun is part of a verb phrase, it will not be given an accent to indicate the part of speech it represents. In these structures, it should be quite easy to discern whether the word is an adjective through context.

Questions