Parts of speech
Solresol makes use of all of the common European parts of speech, including: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections, numerals, articles and determiners.
Reading through the dictionary, you will notice that words usually fall into one of two general groups: the main group of words; where nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs belong to the same word, and the smaller group of words that have a more specific purpose; such as pronouns and articles. We can just call them group 1 and 2 respectively.
Each word in Solresol may be inflected by accentuating one of its syllables. Sudre most commonly shows this in his notes by placing a circumflex (also called a caret, inverted breve, etc.) above the appropriate syllable. He also uses capitalisation when making use of written solfege.
When communicating this audibly, one should place emphasis on the syllable by means of rinforzando; described as "sudden emphasis or increased volume". Sudre does not give an example of how to emphasise signed syllables, but almost any way should be fine, so long as the person you are communicating with understands what you are doing.
Note that there are two other forms of possible accentuation a syllable may have; for plural and feminine nouns.
This is the most common group of words. The default state of a word is an infinitive verb, where the other parts of speech can be indicated by the position of the word in a sentence, or by its inflection.
Not every word has every one of the 4 or 5 parts of speech listed below; only when it makes sense.
Generally, words in Group 1 are either 3 or 4 syllables in length.
For 3 syllable words, accentuating the appropriate syllable will give you the parts of speech as shown below.
For 4 syllable words, the second syllable becomes the indicator for an agent noun.
- agent noun
This example shows the word sirelasi, which is "to constitute" in English. Following the above order for a 4 syllable word, we have: